There's Good And Bad Ukuleles Whether Solid Or Laminate

11 Mar 2015

There's Good And Bad Ukuleles Whether Solid Or Laminate

Something I am seeing more and more of lately is the misconception that a laminate bodied ukulele is automatically 'junk' and a build made of solid wood is somehow a ticket to guaranteed 'great' quality. Wrong, wrong, wrong. You are buying the myth if you think that.

Kiwaya laminate ukulele
Kiwaya Eco Series - example of a great laminate

I touched on this in my recent blog post about badly described ukes on dealer websites but wanted to go further. You see what prompted that post, and indeed what I think prompts sellers to be 'economical' with the truth is that they are riding on the myth amongst many buyers that laminate equals bad and solid equals good. It doesn't. You see, as with most things in life, there is good and bad in both of those types of uke construction.

Let's go back to basics though first. A laminate uke means the body is not made from solid pieces of timber, but rather from thin pieces of wood that has been sandwiched together from much thinner pieces. Plywood for want of a better term. A solid wood uke means that the wood pieces, as thin as they are, are simply very thin slices of wood from a solid piece of timber. There is a lot of stuff and nonsense about the differences, but VERY generally speaking, laminates cost less and tend to be the preserve of many bargain basement ukes, though not always. The theory with solid woods is that they provide their own character to the sound of the uke - the character of the tone wood, in a way that is impossible for laminates to do. They are said to vibrate more freely as the wood grains and fibres are still in one piece, unlike a laminate. Solid woods will also supposedly age in time and get mellower - although that is a huge point of debate in musical instrument circles. For laminates, they tend to be more one dimensional in sound, and don't carry the character of whatever wood is veneered on the outside.  Oh it does get me when I see people talk about 'lovely zebra wood tone' of their laminate uke... but that is beside the point I am making.  Laminates are however far stronger than solid woods and favoured by players in harsh climates as they are less prone to splitting.

To my ears, with a solid wood uke, assuming a good build, I have a good idea what it's tonal character will be, whether mahogany, Koa, Spruce etc. With a laminate I won't have a clue. Doesn't mean it won't make music though.

Baton Rouge cheap quality laminate
Baton Rouge - a great laminate that won't break the bank

But as with so many things in the ukulele world, myths spread and soon become realities in some peoples heads, especially if they have a tendency to being pompous about what they own. And that one myth that really irritates me is the thinking that 'oh I bought a solid wood uke and therefore it must be better than your laminate one'. Total rubbish. Get off your high horses.

You see there is much more to it than one being naturally being better than the other. For that to be true one must totally ignore other important factors, most notably the quality of the actual build of the rest of the instrument.  You see, whilst there are many poor quality laminates (which literally are nothing more than cheap thick plywood) there are good laminate builds too. Likewise I have come across a great many 'solid wood' instruments with terrible build quality. In the world of solids, that is usually signified by thick, heavy tone woods, fat bracing and a general shabby approach to the instrument. Such things can kill a solid wood instruments tone stone dead.

I would go further and state categorically that I have seen many laminate bodied ukes that have played better, sounded better (and just felt better) than many 'solid' wood ukes. This tends to be most noticeable at the cheaper end of the market the most.  Laminates are actually used by terrific guitar makers such as Taylor and Martin who use 'professional instrument grade laminate' which really is rather sublime. Sadly you don't see it much on ukuleles as manufacturers tend to revert to cheap plywood at the cheap end, but on models such as the Kiwaya KS5 you will see what I am talking about. But it doesn't always come at great cost either - the Baton Rouge Sun models are a great example of thin, tidy laminates coupled with a great general build that will knock the spots off a cheap 'solid' ukulele that has been over built (I am looking at you here Oscar Schmidt...). Lanikais fit the same category in my view, as do many entry level Kalas. Sure, there are woeful laminates too (too many to name) but they are not a guarantee of bad sound in every case.

So new players should, I feel, understand more of what goes into making these instruments before shouting that 'I bought a solid wood uke so it MUST be good' nonsense. There are bad solid wood ukes out there - some truly terrible and no amount of using the word 'solid' will change that. They are just badly built. Harsh to hear perhaps, but true.

Are there laminates I don't like? Yes, plenty - mainly the preserve of the $30 ukes that use plywood that looks like it came out of a joiners yard - rough, thick, boxy (and that also describes the sound). They could not be further away from good quality laminates. Look at the edge of a sound hole for a clue - it should be thin. The cheapest ukes like entry level Mahalos are thick, thick thick. But that poor quality control is really part of why all laminates seem to be tarred with the same brush.

Cheap thick laminate ukulele
When laminates are bad - cheap, thick, horrible...

There is no shame in a lot of laminate bodied ukes - they work for a certain price point. Sure, I own many solid wood ukuleles, some high end, and given the choice and budget I would always buy them, but I also have laminate instruments too. It's horses for courses.  One thing you won't find me doing is looking down on laminates as a whole other than looking down on badly made instruments as a whole. Doesn't matter what they are made of, if it's bad, it's bad.

And as the myth perpetuates, so confusion remains the order of the day when shopping for ukes. If it's a laminate - just say so. If it's a bad laminate, then improve your ukulele rather than trying to hide the fact.

So what do I advise?  Well, same as I always advise - take advice, read reviews, and spend as much as you can reasonably afford on your ukuleles. If you can get into solid wood uke territory, bear in mind that you are looking at the intermediate to high end before you can guarantee yourself a killer tone, so don't overlook laminates. And certainly don't overlook laminates in place of cheap solid wood ukes with no tone whatsoever, that is just madness.  Trust your own ears - if it sounds good - go for that one!


  1. Pardon the pun, but solid advice! Particularly from Asian countries, the build quality of laminates has definitely taken a turn for the better the last few years. The only way to ultimately determine whether or not a uke is for you is to play it.

  2. Well said. I just recently bought a Kala laminate for use during the cold New England winters. Nothing discourages practice like having to get my uke out of the case and fuss with the humidifier ever time I pick it up. The Kala laminate doesn't sound as woody as the solid to my ear, but it does sound good in its own right, and has an impressive low-end punch. Good laminates have a nice even, almost compressed tone that I really enjoy. And it was a third of the price of my solid. So yeah, laminates definitely have their place.

  3. Having just re-strung three very colorful inexpensive laminate ukuleles I can say the the strings make a world of difference. The tone of the cheepie ukes is vastly improved with high quality strings. They'll never sound as good as a solid Koa ukulele but they have their place in the musical world. I have a lending library of inexpensive ukuleles that people can borrow to see if they really want to learn to play.

  4. I may be a little thick today, but I have to ask about the following sentence.

    "Lankais fit the same category in my view, as do many entry level Kalas."

    Too many possible antecedents for me. Do you feel that the Lanikais and Kalas are reasonably good laminates, or poor? Or are you referring to solid models?

    I do appreciate the column as I have been pondering a new uke, and thought that solid must be the way to go. Based on the column and the comments, I should perhaps be examining my choice more carefully.

  5. I believe that both of those brands turn out good laminates - some good solid wood ukes too.

  6. I'd never played ANY instrument till I got it into my head to learn uke, recent times, then actually bought one (in Chiang Mai, Thailand) a few months ago where I've mostly been living and working (teaching) for the last 8 years. I'd actually just caused the bridge to come spring off on a borrowed uke I started learning to play on - totally over-tightened a string! - and had taken it to a music shop in the town to get fixed asap.. and spotted a slightly bigger, so probably better for me, nice looking Lanikai LU21C (I'd read a decent review about on the internet, although it had also mentioned that it was 'Laminate' and 'solids' seemed to have better general reviews).. the guy took it out the case and played it.. very well, of course.. and I was hooked!! (but could I really get a sound out of it like that?).. well I'm still only a L-earner.. but I have to say, my little Lanikai concert laminate certainly does the job, and, to me anyway, has the sound.. had Aquila strings on it too, and in the 'sale', big reduction at just 1800 baht.. or approx 36 English pounds (I'm from the UK).. no expert, far from it of course.. but I'd certainly recommend Lanikai (laminate) for a beginner like me...

  7. Thanks Siameezi - yes - I too think the Lanikai LU21 makes a good beginner instrument. Watch this website for a detailed review of one very soon!

  8. I've owned a number of Lanikais, both solid and laminates and have found that the finishes on their solids tend to be a bit heavy and tend to dampen the tone where the laminates seem to have a thinner finish. Before judging, the first thing I do is change the strings. I'm not a fan of the Nylguts and immediately will slap on a set of Worth Medium Browns then go from there.

  9. Thanks. An excellent and thought provoking article. One suggestion I would suggest to add to your buying advice. Try to buy from a music shop, rather than online. A good one will give advice, demonstrate your options, let you try before you buy and will normally have a resident expert who will ensure the instrument is well set up for you. Also, one day when the bug has really bitten you will be glad to have a local shop and its expertise and if you we don't support local independent businesses they won't be there in the future.

  10. I agree with that but only generally - I buy regularly online - but I do buy only from a couple of ukulele specialists - people I trust to check them over and have known me long enough to know what I like

  11. I just received a Vintage VUK30N for Christmas, it's my first ukulele so I didn't want to dive right in and ask for a crazy expensive one, and I'll be travelling around New Zealand with it. Is this a good quality uke? Sounds reasonably-toned to me, strings go out of tune quite quickly but I heard that is a thing with ukes, but I wouldn't be an expert on them, piano's my forte. For what I'm looking for in my uke, as a session instrument that will be lugged around in different climates, is this an OK quality uke or should I try exchange?? Thanks for any advice ye may have in advance! :)

  12. Being totally honest with you - they are not great to be honest. Very generic cheap ukes, with poor quality control. I think you can do better for the same sort of price


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