Something that I see coming up on a number of discussion boards this - new players complaining of cramping fingers, aches and pains when learning the ukulele.
It's a common problem for beginners, and to an extent it is something you need to go through, but it did get me thinking that it was worth putting out some tips as in a lot of cases some of the aches and pains are down to beginner uke technique.
Before we get into that, I am not so much talking about sore fingertips, blisters and callouses. That is something that is also natural - the result of soft fingertips being abused by those hard strings. I have talked about that issue on Got A Ukulele before and provided some tips (you can read that by Clicking Here )
No, I am talking more about the aches and pains in joints. As a starter I would ask you to exercise some caution when you develop such pains. Pains are the body's way of telling you there is something wrong and you should listen to the warning signs. Playing on endlessly through pain can lead to some damage, particularly things like RSI and Carpal Tunnel issues. As someone who suffered with the latter for about six months straight I can assure you that is not something you want to invite!
But as I say, a lot of aches and pains can be down to poor beginner technique, and in many cases from squeezing on those strings too hard. Simple as that.
You see, to fret a ukulele string, all you actually need to do is hold the string down until it touches the fret immediately down the neck from the fret space. That is enough to get the ringing string to change up in pitch. What you don't need to do is squeeze the string right into the fingerboard with all your life. Doing that is certainly going to cause fatigue in the hands (and really add to your woes on the callous front).
It is easy for me, as someone who has been playing for years to say that, but looking back I did it too when I started out - that just happened to be on guitar, but it's the same principle. I look at my technique now however and I hold the neck very lightly indeed and hardly press down on the strings with much pressure at all. As I say, just enough to get the string to engage with the fret is enough. If you are a beginner, take a look at your playing style on the fretting hand and give it a try. Fret a string as you normally would and pick it. Back off the pressure a little and pick it. You will know you have backed off too much as the string will either buzz or sound dead because there is no string touching the fret. If that happens, just apply the pressure a little more. Learn to understand the amount of pressure you need and try to ensure that when you play that is all you apply. And be sure to try that with all of your fretting fingers. That sounds to obvious to be real advice, but you would be surprised at the amount of pressure some beginners think they need to apply!
It will be hard to learn - the natural style of a brand new player is to squeeze the thing for dear life, but if you can start to learn to ease off a little you may find it helps you. The same goes for the amount of pressure you are applying with your thumb to the back of the neck. Whilst thumb pressure wont affect the strings, again it really doesn't need to be too hard. Again, when I look at my technique, the neck of the ukulele is only very lightly held in the crook of my thumb and forefinger.
And there is an added bonus to all this. As you start to develop a lighter touch on the neck you will also find that chord changes are far quicker and that you can perform 'faster' on the neck of the ukulele, and that has to be a bonus. Want to play like Jake? His technique is perfected to be 'just enough' to make the ukulele sing!
So, it WILL get easier, but try to take a look at how hard you are fretting and ease it off. Trust me, it will help your progression with the uke!
And of course - finger stretching exercises are always a good thing to consider and you can get some tips on that by Clicking Here.
Stick with it, and keep strumming!